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Laboratory Definitions

CBC-

A complete blood count is used as a screening test for various disease states including anemia, leukemia and inflammatory process.

Cholesterol

Total LDL and HDL cholesterol, in conjunction with a triglyceride determination, provide valuable information for the risk of coronary artery disease. Total serum cholesterol analysis is useful in the diagnosis of hyperlipoproteinemia, atherosclerosis, hepatic and thyroid diseases.

 

Blood Typing (ABO/Rh)-

ABO type and Rh are needed to identify candidates for Rh immune globulin and to assess the risk of hemolytic disease of the newborn.

 

Drug Screen (General, DOT, NON-DOT)-

This panel may be useful in screening drugs which are commonly encountered in acute toxicity cases. 

Glucose

Glucose measurements are used in the diagnosis and treatment of carbohydrate metabolic disorders including diabetes mellitus, idiopathic hypoglycemia, and pancreatic islet cell neoplasm.

 

Hemoglobin A1C-

Assesses long term diabetic control in diabetes mellitus.

 

HIV Screen-

The etiological agent of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) has been recognized as a retrovirus, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1). The virus is believed to be transmitted by sexual contact, blood transfusion, feto-maternal transmission, breast feeding and intravenous drug abuse.

Lipid Panel

A lipid panel includes Triglycerides, Total Cholesterol, HDL-Cholesterol and LDL-Cholesterol.These tests provide valuable information for the risk of coronary artery disease.

 

Mono Test

Heterophile antibodies, in patients with infectious mononucleosis, may be present as early as the fourth day of illness, and by the twenty-first day of illness, 90% of patients will exhibit a positive test. The Epstein-Barr virus causes infectious mononucleosis.

 

Pregnancy (Serum,Urine) Test

This test is specific for hCG beta subunit and offers sensitivity necessary to detect pregnancy as early as ten days post conception.

 

PSA Total

Elevated serum PSA concentrations have been reported in men with prostate cancer, benign prostatic hypertrophy, and inflammatory conditions of the prostate. 

Strep Screen

This test is for rapid diagnosis of Streptococcus pneumoniae.

   

TSH

This test is useful in screening for hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

 

UA

A urinalysis is important in accessing the chemical constituents in the urine and the relationship to various disease states. Microscopic examination helps to detect the presence of abnormal urine cells and formed elements.